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Tuesday, April 22, 2008

Journal : A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservation

Ecology Letters

Volume 11 Issue 1 Page 78-91, January 2008

To cite this article: David Lindenmayer, Richard J. Hobbs, Rebecca Montague-Drake, Jason Alexandra, Andrew Bennett, Mark Burgman, Peter Cale, Aram Calhoun, Viki Cramer, Peter Cullen, Don Driscoll, Lenore Fahrig, Joern Fischer, Jerry Franklin, Yrjo Haila, Malcolm Hunter, Philip Gibbons, Sam Lake, Gary Luck, Chris MacGregor, Sue McIntyre, Ralph Mac Nally, Adrian Manning, James Miller, Hal Mooney, Reed Noss, Hugh Possingham, Denis Saunders, Fiona Schmiegelow, Michael Scott, Dan Simberloff, Tom Sisk, Gary Tabor, Brian Walker, John Wiens, John Woinarski, Erika Zavaleta (2008) A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservation
Ecology Letters 11 (1) , 78–91 doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01114.x



A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservation

  • 1Fenner School of the Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    2School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
    3Land and Water Australia, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    4School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    5Department of Botany, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3050, Australia
    6Department for Environment and Heritage, Berri, South Australia 5343, Australia
    7Department of Wildlife Ecology, 5755 Nutting Hall University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA
    8PO Box 89, Gunning, NSW 2581, Australia
    9Department of Biology, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Canada K1S 5B6
    10College of Forest Resources, Box 352100, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-2100, USA
    11Department of Regional Studies, 33014 University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    12School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    13Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW 2640, Australia
    14CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    15Australian Centre for Biodiversity: Analysis, Policy and Management, School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    16Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-3221, USA
    17Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    18Department of Biology, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd, Orlando, FL 32816-2368, USA
    19The Ecology Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia2018 Abernethy Street, Weetangera, ACT 2614, Australia
    21Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    22USGS-Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, PO Box 441141, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-1141, USA
    23Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 569 Dabney Hall, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    24Environmental Sciences, PO Box 5694, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-5694, USA
    25Wildlife Conservation Society, Bozeman, MT, USA
    26The Nature Conservancy, 4245 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 100, Arlington, VA 22203, USA
    27Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, PO Box 496, Palmerston, Northern Territory, Australia
    28Environmental Studies Department, University of California-Santa Cruz, CA, USA


The management of landscapes for biological conservation and ecologically sustainable natural resource use are crucial global issues. Research for over two decades has resulted in a large literature, yet there is little consensus on the applicability or even the existence of general principles or broad considerations that could guide landscape conservation. We assess six major themes in the ecology and conservation of landscapes. We identify 13 important issues that need to be considered in developing approaches to landscape conservation. They include recognizing the importance of landscape mosaics (including the integration of terrestrial and aquatic areas), recognizing interactions between vegetation cover and vegetation configuration, using an appropriate landscape conceptual model, maintaining the capacity to recover from disturbance and managing landscapes in an adaptive framework. These considerations are influenced by landscape context, species assemblages and management goals and do not translate directly into on-the-ground management guidelines but they should be recognized by researchers and resource managers when developing guidelines for specific cases. Two crucial overarching issues are: (i) a clearly articulated vision for landscape conservation and (ii) quantifiable objectives that offer unambiguous signposts for measuring progress.

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