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Thursday, May 29, 2008

article : Huge fossil of new dinosaur found in Patagonia

Brazilian and Argentinean palaeontologists present a replica of a skeleton of what could be a new dinosaur species

Brazilian and Argentinean palaeontologists present a replica of a skeleton of what could be a new dinosaur species. Photograph: Antonio Lacerda/EPA

It was four storeys tall, had a neck 10 times longer than a giraffe's and was possibly history's biggest vegetarian: meet Futalognkosaurus dukei, "chief of the lizards". Brazilian and Argentinian paleontologists yesterday said they had discovered a fossil of a new species of giant dinosaur which lived in what is now Patagonia, 80m years ago, during the late Cretaceous period.

A largely complete fossil of the herbivore shows it measured between 32 to 34 metres (105 to 112ft) from head to tail, and possessed an extraordinary neck which, at 17 metres, was a match for today's articulated bendy buses.

"It's a new species, a new group," an Argentinian paleontologist, Juan Porfiri, told a news conference in Rio de Janeiro. "Its neck was very big in diameter, strong and huge." Jorge Calvo, the director of the paleontology centre of the National University of Comahue, Argentina, said: "This is one of the biggest in the world and one of the most complete of these giants that exist."The fossil, which is believed to belong to a previously unknown species of Titanosaur, is 70% preserved.

The name Futalognkosaurus dukei was derived from the indigenous Mapuche language, meaning "giant chief of the lizards", and from the US company Duke Energy Corp, which funded much of the excavation in Argentina.

Dinosaur experts not involved in the discovery marvelled at the scale and said that what was found on the banks of Lake Barreales in the Argentine province of Neuquen did appear to represent a new species. The tail measures around 15 metres and the excavated spinal column alone weighs about eight tonnes.

Patagonia, a landscape of windswept plain which once was forested and humid, has yielded the other two largest dinosaur skeletons, Argentinosaurus, at around 35 metres long, and Puertasaurus reuili, between 35 and 40 metres long.

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article : Sea scorpion fossil belonged to biggest bug ever: scientists

A giant fossilized claw discovered in Germany belonged to an ancient sea scorpion that was much bigger than the average man, an international team of geologists and archaeologists reported Tuesday.

A computer-generated image shows a size comparison between a human and an ancient sea scorpion.A computer-generated image shows a size comparison between a human and an ancient sea scorpion.
(University of Bristol/Associated Press)

The 46-centimetre-long claw was discovered by report co-author Markus Poschmann, from Germany, in a quarry near Pruem, a city about 200 kilometres east of Frankfurt.

The researchers said the scorpion lived between 460 and 255 million years ago and would have been among the top predators in its environment, feeding on early vertebrates and smaller arthropods. The report said the creature likely only lived in the water because with the construction of its body, "it is hardly imaginable how such a huge arthropod could effectively walk on land."

In a report in the Royal Society's journal Biology Letters, the team said the claw indicates that sea scorpion Jaekelopterus rhenania was almost 2.5 metres long, making it the largest arthropod — an animal with a segmented body, jointed limbs and a hard exoskeleton — ever found. In the report, the authors said the scorpion exceeds previous size records for arthropods by almost half a metre.

The fossil, found in a 390-million-year-old rock, suggests that spiders, insects, crabs and similar creatures were much larger in the past than previously thought, the researchers said.

This claw belonged to a giant sea scorpion, estimated to be 2.5 metres long. This claw belonged to a giant sea scorpion, estimated to be 2.5 metres long.
(Markus Poschmann)

"This is an amazing discovery. We have known for some time that the fossil record yields monster millipedes, super-sized scorpions, colossal cockroaches, and jumbo dragonflies, but we never realized, until now, just how big some of these ancient creepy-crawlies were," said co-author Dr. Simon Braddy from the University of Bristol.

Some geologists believe that the giant arthropod evolved due to high oxygen levels, while others argue that they evolved in an "arms race" alongside their prey, the early armoured fish.

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article : Fossil is new family of dinosaur

Xenoposeidon fossil. Image: University of Portsmouth.
The specimen was left untouched for 113 years
A fossilised bone dug up near Hastings 113 years ago has been recognised as a completely new family of dinosaur.

The animal belongs to a general type of dinosaur called a sauropod - which was characterised by a large body, a long neck and a small head.

A PhD student from the University of Portsmouth stumbled upon the specimen while browsing through the shelves of London's Natural History Museum.

The work is to appear in the academic journal Palaeontology.

The fossil represents the dorsal vertebra (back bone) of a new family, genus and species of dinosaur now named Xenoposeidon proneneukus.

It lived about 140 million years ago, was about the size of an elephant and weighed 7.5 tonnes.

Graphic: Xenoposeidon

"It leapt out at me as being different," said Mike Taylor, a computer programmer who is studying sauropod vertebrae as part of his PhD at Portsmouth.

"It was unmistakably a dorsal vertebra from a sauropod, but it didn't look like any dorsal I'd ever seen before."

The bone has lain in the Natural History Museum since its discovery in the early 1890s in Ecclesbourne Glen, near Hastings, by fossil collector Philip James Rufford.

Odd one out

It was briefly described by the British palaeontologist Richard Lydekker but was then left untouched for the next 113 years.

Dr Paul Barrett, a researcher in palaeontology at the museum, said: "Dinosaur bones are being constantly reassessed and our collections still offer us lots of surprises."

Mr Taylor and fellow palaeontologist Dr Darren Naish know the preserved bone came from near the hip area of the dinosaur.

From this they made an informed guess about the size and shape of the animal and were able to establish why Xenoposeidon is not only a new genus and species, but probably a new family of dinosaur.

"The difference between this specimen and other sauropod vertebrae is sufficiently great that I concluded that it could not be placed in any existing species or genus," said Mr Taylor.

"In fact it can't be placed in any existing sauropod family."

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article : Fossil Called Missing Link From Sea to Land Animals (2)

Published: April 6, 2006

One creationist site on the Web ( /evid1.htm) declares that "there are no transitional forms," adding: "For example, not a single fossil with part fins, part feet has been found. And this is true between every major plant and animal kind."

Dr. Novacek responded: "We've got Archaeopteryx, an early whale that lived on land, and now this animal showing the transition from fish to tetrapod. What more do we need from the fossil record to show that the creationists are flatly wrong?"

Duane T. Gish, a retired official of the Institute for Creation Research in San Diego, said, "This alleged transitional fish will have to be evaluated carefully." But he added that he still found evolution "questionable because paleontologists have yet to discover any transitional fossils between complex invertebrates and fish, and this destroys the whole evolutionary story."

Dr. Shubin and Dr. Daeschler began their search on Ellesmere Island in 1999. They were attracted by a map in a geology textbook showing an abundance of Devonian rocks exposed and relatively easy to explore. At that time, the land had a warm climate: it was part of a supercontinent straddling the Equator.

It was not until July 2004, Dr. Shubin said, that "we hit the jackpot." They found several of the fishes in a quarry, their skeletons largely intact and in three dimensions. The large skull had the sharp teeth of a predator. It was attached to a neck, which allowed the fish the unfishlike ability to swivel its head.

If the animal spent any time out of water, said Dr. Jenkins, of Harvard, it needed a true neck that allowed the head to move independently on the body.

Embedded in the pectoral fins were bones that compare to the upper arm, forearm and primitive parts of the hand of land-living animals. The joints of the fins appeared to be capable of functioning for movement on land, a case of a fish improvising with its evolved anatomy. In all likelihood, the scientists said, Tiktaalik flexed its proto-limbs mainly on the floor of streams and might have pulled itself up on the shore for brief stretches.

In their report, the scientists concluded that Tiktaalik was an intermediate between the fishes Eusthenopteron and Panderichthys, which lived 385 million years ago, and early tetrapods. The known early tetrapods are Acanthostega and Ichthyostega, about 365 million years ago.

Tiktaalik, Dr. Shubin said, is "both fish and tetrapod, which we sometimes call a fishapod."

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article : Fossil Called Missing Link From Sea to Land Animals (1)

Published: April 6, 2006

Scientists have discovered fossils of a 375-million-year-old fish, a large scaly creature not seen before, that they say is a long-sought missing link in the evolution of some fishes from water to a life walking on four limbs on land.

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University of Chicago

A model of Tiktaalik roseae, a fish in transition to becoming a land animal.

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In two reports today in the journal Nature, a team of scientists led by Neil H. Shubin of the University of Chicago say they have uncovered several well-preserved skeletons of the fossil fish in sediments of former streambeds in the Canadian Arctic, 600 miles from the North Pole.

The skeletons have the fins, scales and other attributes of a giant fish, four to nine feet long. But on closer examination, the scientists found telling anatomical traits of a transitional creature, a fish that is still a fish but has changes that anticipate the emergence of land animals — and is thus a predecessor of amphibians, reptiles and dinosaurs, mammals and eventually humans.

In the fishes' forward fins, the scientists found evidence of limbs in the making. There are the beginnings of digits, proto-wrists, elbows and shoulders. The fish also had a flat skull resembling a crocodile's, a neck, ribs and other parts that were similar to four-legged land animals known as tetrapods.

Other scientists said that in addition to confirming elements of a major transition in evolution, the fossils were a powerful rebuttal to religious creationists, who have long argued that the absence of such transitional creatures are a serious weakness in Darwin's theory.

The discovery team called the fossils the most compelling examples yet of an animal that was at the cusp of the fish-tetrapod transition. The fish has been named Tiktaalik roseae, at the suggestion of elders of Canada's Nunavut Territory. Tiktaalik (pronounced tic-TAH-lick) means "large shallow water fish."

"The origin of limbs," Dr. Shubin's team wrote, "probably involved the elaboration and proliferation of features already present in the fins of fish such as Tiktaalik."

In an interview, Dr. Shubin, an evolutionary biologist, let himself go. "It's a really amazing, remarkable intermediate fossil," he said. "It's like, holy cow."

Two other paleontologists, commenting on the find in a separate article in the journal, said that a few other transitional fish had been previously discovered from approximately the same Late Devonian time period, 385 million to 359 million years ago. But Tiktaalik is so clearly an intermediate "link between fishes and land vertebrates," they said, that it "might in time become as much an evolutionary icon as the proto-bird Archaeopteryx," which bridged the gap between reptiles (probably dinosaurs) and today's birds.

The writers, Erik Ahlberg of Uppsala University in Sweden and Jennifer A. Clack of the University of Cambridge in England, are often viewed as rivals to Dr. Shubin's team in the search for intermediate species in the evolution from fish to the first animals to colonize land.

H. Richard Lane, director of paleobiology at the National Science Foundation, said in a statement, "These exciting discoveries are providing fossil 'Rosetta Stones' for a deeper understanding of this evolutionary milestone — fish to land-roaming tetrapods."

The science foundation and the National Geographic Society were among the financial supporters of the research. Besides Dr. Shubin, the principal discoverers were Edward B. Daeschler of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia and Farish A. Jenkins Jr., a Harvard evolutionary biologist. Casts of the fossils will be on view at the Science Museum of London.

Michael J. Novacek, a paleontologist at the American Museum of Natural History in Manhattan, who was not involved in the research, said: "Based on what we already know, we have a very strong reason to think tetrapods evolved from lineages of fishes. This may be a critical phase in that transition that we haven't had before. A good fossil cuts through a lot of scientific argument."

Dr. Shubin's team played down the fossil's significance in the raging debate over Darwinian theory, which is opposed mainly by some conservative Christians in this country, but other scientists were not so reticent. They said this should undercut the argument that there is no evidence in the fossil record of one kind of creature becoming another kind.

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article : Ancient ancestor reveals skeletal stamina - new fossil found in South Africa - Brief Article

Science News, Dec 19, 1998 by B. Bower

A new fossil find in South Africa represents the most complete skeleton to date attributed to the australopithecines, an extinct line of two-legged, small-brained creatures who were early members of the human evolutionary family.

Anthropologists last week announced their discovery of the largely intact skull and lower body, which they found in an underground cave. A brief description of the skeleton appears in the Dec. 10 NATURE. The October SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE contains a more detailed account by Ronald J. Clarke of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.

Clarke supervised two colleagues who found the australopithecine specimen after descending about 45 feet into the Silberberg Grotto of the Sterkfontein caves. Prior excavations elsewhere at Sterkfontein yielded fragmentary remains of Australopithecus africanus, a human ancestor of uncertain evolutionary status dating approximately to between 3.2 million and 2.4 million years ago.

"This is a remarkable find," says Witwatersrand's Phillip V. Tobias, who directs all Sterkfontein excavations. "We don't know its species or sex yet, but it looks like an adult australopithecine."

Clarke found foot bones from the skeleton while working at Silberberg Grotto in 1994. He discovered more parts of the same foot stored in boxes from prior excavations there (SN: 7/29/95, p. 71).

Clarke then organized another exploration of the site. Investigators identified many of the individual fossil's limb, hip, and back bones, as well as a nearly complete skull, protruding from limestone in the cave. The skull's jaws bear full sets of teeth.

It will take at least a year to remove the entire skeleton from its rocky resting place, Clarke says. He plans to examine the limb joints to test the theory--so far, based only on the foot bones--that this creature combined upright walking with considerable tree climbing.

Analyses of magnetic properties of limestone, taken from below and above the fossil, place it between 3.2 million and 3.6 million years old.

Until now, the most complete australopithecine skeleton was that of Lucy, a 3.2-million-year-old find assigned to Australopithecus afarensis.

"This new skeleton contains important information about the size and shape of the australopithecine body that's been hard to come by," remarks anthropologist Bernard Wood of George Washington University in Washington, D.C.

Wood suspects that the specimen belongs to A. africanus, which in his view lessens its potential for generating evolutionary insights. Lower-body remains from at least one other australopithecine species at Sterkfontein from the same time, he asserts, would allow for the identification of species-specific limb features.

COPYRIGHT 1998 Science Service, Inc.
COPYRIGHT 2000 Gale Group

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article : What is some evidence for proof of evolution?

In his pivotal opus Origin of Species (1859) Darwin presented various evidences for proof of evolution. Among these he sited domestic breeding, anatomical similarities among species (“homology”), the sequential order of fossils, the presence of “vestigial” organs, and the natural phenomenon which he dubbed “natural selection.”

In the century-and-a-half since Darwin published his work, advances in science have made some of these various evidences for evolution dubious. For example, in Darwin’s day it was believed that there were dozens of vestigial organs in the human body. Estimates have ranged from 80 to 200. Scientists at the time did not know what purpose these organs served so they assumed that they were useless vestiges from our evolutionary past. One-hundred fifty years later, only a handful of so-called vestigial organs remain. Scientists have discovered biological functions for the rest. Moreover, critics of Darwin’s theory point out that if vestigial organs are truly useless, the progression is towards a loss of function, not new function. Darwinian evolution requires biological innovation.

Advances in genetics have also shown new light upon the dynamics of homology (anatomical similarities among species) and domestic breeding (the ability of breeders to produce dramatic changes in domestic animal populations by selecting individuals to breed, thereby suppressing and emphasizing traits gradually over time). It is now known that structural similarities do not necessary equal genetic relationship and there appear to be genetic limits to the potential for biological change. A bird can adapt to its environment to a certain degree but it is doubtful that it could cross genetic boundaries to evolve into a reptile, for example.

Advocates for Darwinian evolution believe that genetics have provided a new mechanism for biological innovation in the form of genetic mutation. The incorporation of genetics into Darwinian evolution has produced what is now known as the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis. Nevertheless, the debate rages on whether or not mutations simply destroy existing genetic structure or whether they can provide new genetic information, which Darwinian evolution requires. While Darwinian evolution remains the dominant biological paradigm, there is a growing minority of scientists who “are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged.” (From A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism, signed by over 680 Ph.D. scientists.)

Evidence for Evolution - Learn More!

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Wednesday, May 21, 2008

article : Why Women Loves Orgasm ? by Britney Smith

The Most important for woman is Orgasm and if you can make a successful orgasm to the woman , this is defintely pleasurable session of sex. Well , Many women will satisfied and makes happy and makes men walk with a swagger. One word is that Life without orgasms is simply not possible.

However , orgasm is not limited in scope to making one (or two) people feel good for five or ten minutes before falling asleep. Many has shown that frequent sex and orgasms are very important to the general well-being and health of every person. The more frequent the orgasm, the better off that person is going to be on both the physical and psychological planes.

The best thing to do after disentangling from the tender embrace is, of course, to slide into sleep. The combined exertion of sex and relaxation brought by orgasm is the perfect replacement for any sleeping pill. Instead of reaching out for the bottle of pills, you would be better off reaching out for the man lying in bed next to you or for your favorite sex toy. It's a perfectly natural solution that we heartily recommend.

Do you know that sometimes if you read more sex guides or even magazines will spur up the sparks and make it turn into flame.

Discover One Stop Guide which will bring you more pleasure than ever!

About the Author

Britney is an internet marketer on various topics on Sex and health, Find Out More One Stop Guide which will bring you more pleasure than ever!

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article : How To Get A Healthy Penis by Warren Peterson

When you keep your penis healthy and your body as well, you get far greater erection strength, penis size volume and sexual stamina. This leads to greater sexual satisfaction when making love.

A healthy body in general gives you more self confidence, endurance and a general feeling of well being. Your penis is naturally part of your body and when you start treating your body with respect by maintaining or starting a healthy lifestyle, your penis will reap the benefits too.

When men age, their levels of the male hormone, testosterone, gradually diminish starting at age 30 and then continuing to do so at a rate of 10 percent every 10 years.

Testosterone is a hormone that helps maintain sex drive, sperm production, pubic and body hair, muscle, and bone. So the consequences of a lower testosterone slowly show as a man starts to age.

In general, men who start to experience Hair loss, Bone loss, Sweating and flushing, irritability, Fatigue, Loss of physical agility, Increased fat, Aches and pains, Sleeping problems, Depression, Decreased sexual drive and performance may be suffering from lower testosterone levels.

So, when trying to maintain a healthy and vigorous penis should start to consider the following health and lifestyle options:

Stop smoking. Smoking constricts blood vessels and leads to a build of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the penis. This results in diminished erectile function, shrinkage of the penis, and impotence later in life.

Avoid liquor and drugs. Alcohol and narcotics puts you in great risk of impotence or erectile dysfunction.

Start a healthy, well-balanced diet. To ensure normal erectile function, you need to keep the continuous flow of blood to the penis by taking care of the arteries that supply it. Consume a high fiber diet, low in saturated fats and you can be sure to prevent or reduce the build up of fatty deposits that narrow and clog arteries. Stay away from animal fats, sugar, fried or junk foods.

Begin an Exercise program. Exercising is good for your overall health. Try brisk walking, running, cycling, or swimming for at least 30 minutes a day, three times a week.

Take supplements. Certain vitamins and minerals are good for maintaining general penile health, such as Vitamin A, Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Chromium, Zinc, and L-arginine. While certain herbs such as Ginkgo biloba, Ginseng, Damania, Sarsaparilla, Wild yam, Saw palmetto, Dong quai, Gotu kola, Hydrangea root, and Pygeum, are known to be particularly helpful for weak erections or impotence.

Use your penis. Maintain a healthy penis and prostate circulation by having regular erections and ejaculations. Thus either have regular sex (it’s good for you apart from being fun) and if you are single, masturbate.

You too can have a healthy penis if you start giving yourself the gift of a healthy lifestyle.

About the Author

Warren Peterson has been involved with the men's health industry since 1998 and he has compiled a large resource on penis extenders to help men compare and review penis traction devices. It is packed with useful articles and reviews of extender devices with how to information and success stories.

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article : How to: Stimulating the G-spot by Emily stl

The female G-spot can be compared to a sort of Holy Grail of sexual pleasure for women, while the men who are looking for it are knight’s trying to obtain the highest possible sexual satisfaction for their ladies. Many couples have spent hours and hours trying to find that magic pleasure spot, mostly because there is something inherently alluring about mastering a way of boosting pleasure beyond the normal orgasm. And we all know that once you’ve found that hot spot, the gates of pleasure are wide open.

Any person who has tried to stimulate the G- spot knows very well that it is located on the vagina wall, toward the pelvic bone and that in order to reach it you must insert a finger and bend it upwards. This is by far the easiest way to locate the G-spot and to arouse it. Once you’re there, you can either move the finger as you’re scratching something (don’t use your nails!) or move in little circles in order to cover a wider area. If you think of it, better use two fingers on the G-spot, to get the most pleasure out of the whole thing. While you’re at it, you can also use another finger or your wet tongue on the clitoris or, if you’re feeling in a perky mood, put a finger up her anus.

There is not a lot of room for improvement and imagination when it comes to playing with the G-spot. A man can use some sex toys, his fingers or his penis, while the woman can stimulate herself using toys or her fingers. Of course, the sex toys must be appropriate for this activity, which means that you need a vibrator or dildo with a hooked or bent tip that makes it easier to reach the G-spot. Don’t move the toy around too much and don’t try to make circles with the tip. Toys are more difficult to use than fingers, so try to move the tip back and forward over the spot, while adding a little pressure. Your partner will definitely let you know if what you do feels good or not.

The playful lover knows that he can also reach the G-spot with his hard penis, although the thing is a bit trickier than just moving a finger around. You and your lady must try a couple of special positions in order to find those that allow you to give the G-spot a good rubbing. Of course doggy style comes to mind, because the penis can rub against that sensitive patch of flesh both when going in and when pulling out. The positions featuring the woman on top are also very good because the lady can adjust the angle of insertion to make sure that the penis takes the correct route.

So there you have it, the three options for the brave lovers who are not content with regular sex, but are interested in discovering new ways of pleasing each other. And there’s probably no better way of pleasing a woman that full stimulation of both the clitoris and the G-spot at the same time. Men should never be ashamed to ask a lady to help them locate the G-spot, especially since the ladies will certainly be eager to help. After all, it’s in their best interest.

How to become a real lover: Lovecentria

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article : The benefits of glass dildos by Suzie Harris

The dildo is simply heated by running hot water over it . If you want the dildo really warm then keep it in the water for longer, or if you just want it luke warm then just run it under the water for a little bit. After the dildo is warm then you’re ready to roll. You’ll experience an explosive orgasm from the heat of the dildo.

Chilling the dildo

By putting the dildo into the freezer or fridge you’ll chill the dildo. For the extra chilled affect go for the freezer, or if you’re not that game just chill it in the fridge for 20 minutes or so. The chilled dildo on your vagina will cause the hairs of your arms to stand on end and give you an wildly powerfully orgasm.

Experiment with the glass dildo all over your body. You’ll find the sensation on the clitoris amazing. Glass dildos are great because they add variety to your masturbation play. Glass dildos really add variety in the bedroom.

Tips for having even more fun

Give your partner a thrill and use come to bed with a hot or cold dildo. Use it to rub over their body �" you don’t just have to use it on yourself! Try rubbing the chilled dildo on his testicles. Thrill him even more and give him a head job at the same time you rub his testicles with the dildo.

You can rub the dildo over your breasts. Light touches to your breasts will give a tingling sensation, and use your other hand to play with yourself. Using glass dildos brings much enjoyment and to your entire body. Glass is extremely easy to clean as well. For a dildo with extra special features, glass dildos are it.

You’ll find glass dildos in their own category on most online adult shops. If not there will be section called dildos and you’ll just have to sift through the range until you come across one that says it is made from glass. The title of the product often says something about glass so it should be easy enough to find one at an online adult shop.

Glass dildos are ideal for women looking that something special in a dildo.

About the Author

This article has been written by Suzie Harris. Suzie enjoys sharing her knowledge on adult toys for women, particularly dildos.

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article : Surefire Ways to Give Your Girl an Orgasm by Gerry Restriverava

Female orgasm is a challenging subject and at the same time intimidating for men. Some men are aware that most women find it hard to reach climax during sexual intercourse making men appear inadequate and unskilled in the art of lovemaking. If you want to give your girl an orgasm and keep her asking for more then you need the right skills and the techniques to satisfy your woman in bed.

Men and women have different needs in bed but lovemaking must be enjoyable for both of you in order to achieve satisfaction. Sometimes sexual dissatisfaction leads to separation, cheating and other relationship problems. Before it could happen, you should know how to give your girl an orgasm and give her sexual satisfaction. Here are some tips to give your girl an orgasm.

Foreplay and oral sex. This is the stage where you are preparing her to get intimate and eventually give your girl an orgasm she will never forget. Get her into the mood to climax with you through foreplay and oral sex. Be patient because unlike men, it takes longer for women to be ready for an orgasm. Talk to her and make her feel loved and adored. Stimulate her mind and body and make her respond to your caress with emotions and excitement.

G-spot stimulation. You have to know how to locate and stimulate the female’s most sensitive part, the G-spot to give your girl an orgasm. This is located in the front wall of the vagina behind the pubic bone and about two inches up. Most women feel they need to urinate when their G-spot is being stimulated, so before the intercourse ask her to empty her bladder. Make your woman comfortable and ask her if she want you to stimulate her G-spot. Position her in the best position that you could stimulate her G-spot, bring her into a different climax and give her an orgasm.

Right timing. It is important to wait for the right timing to give your girl an orgasm. Be patient and do not rush her. She will tell you if she is ready and want you inside her. Patiently wait until she is wet, ready and begging you to come down and get inside her and you are on your way to give your girl an orgasm to climax with you.

Learning the right techniques on how to give your girl an orgasm is important to achieve sexual satisfaction. Do you want to give her a mind blowing orgasm and keep her asking for more? Become the greatest lover that your girl cannot forget visit Secret Orgasm

For more lovemaking tips visit Great Lovemaking Tips

To know more about love and relationships visit All About Relationships

About the Author

Gerry Restrivera writes informative articles on various subjects including Surefire Ways to Give Your Girl an Orgasm. You are allowed to publish this article in its entirety provided that author’s name, bio and website links must remain intact and included with every reproduction.

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article : Body Language Signs: Mirroring a Powerful Flirting Tool by Steve Hedger

Body language signs that someone is attracted to you is a great feeling. Imagine secretly knowing their intentions is an empowering feeling. Here is another tip that's crucial so enjoy and have fun. Remember you can have all my tips delivered direct to your email each week so sign up to the news letter today and get more secrets that will attract others to you!

Reading someone's body language can give you a lot of information about how they are feeling about you. When you are in a relationship or on a date then this can be critical to know what is really going on in their minds. The art of reading body language is about piecing together a combination of actions that will tell you what someone is experiencing about you; what you are doing and what you are saying. This is another example in my series.

Mirroring is one of the most powerful and persuasive body language tools we all have. People who are really interested in each other do it without thinking. If you really like someone and you're not sure how they feel about you then you can use this method to your advantage. Mirroring is simple. It's just as it sounds, but what is key, is to put all the pieces together. So what are the elements? The eyes are like a firework display if you know what to look for. If you have read my first article then you will know the first thing to look for in someone's eyes.

The next thing to learn about eyes is the eyebrows; they are a clear indication of interest! Watch how they rise and fall during a conversation the more this happens the more interested they are. It's quite entertaining to watch couples that have just met. Watch their eyebrows move up and down, what is entertaining is the speed its like a crazy eyebrow dance!

So what can you do with this? Firstly, if your date is doing this you know they are interested. Secondly if you do it (don't go mad) then the raising of eyebrows indicates interest. We all love someone interested in us so give it a try! I am not going to labour the obvious too much but smile and maintain eye contact, the reverse will make you look miserable and shifty, and the last thing you want!

Back to mirroring. The next thing to mirror is the speed in which you talk. You will notice when you are with your friends that you probably speak at the same speed and that is why you are all in rapport. When you're with a date slow or speed up your speech. Speaking at different speed is uncomfortable, test it with your friends, and then test it with your dates.

Sales people use speech speed a lot. They will usually speed up and distort their voice when it comes to giving you the price of a product. They know that this technique has a good chance of removing that piece of information from your mind so you miss the price and focus on the product features and benefits.

So get in rapport by mirroring their speech. The other thing to notice with speech is that when men and women are attracted to each other their voices change without them knowing. A mans voice will lower and a woman's voice will become higher. What these two people are trying to create without realising is the differences between the sexes. It is the differences that make them more attractive to the opposite sex. We have now covered the face and some techniques to look out for and try.

About the Author

Article by Steve Hedger Relationship Coach and founder of . Relationship and dating help, advice and tips. I cover body language, sex, affairs, love, soul mates, the art of being single. Plus the best relationship online sites and ebooks all at Come to DatingShoes today and ask Steve a question.

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article : Eye Body Language! What's Really on Their Mind? by Steve Hedger

Eye body language can help you know if your date is really attracted to you.The eye body language secret I have listed below is one of my favorites, so next time you're out, lets see who is attracted to you.

You can also use these tips to make yourself more attractive to the opposite sex. So let's get going, have fun and enjoy!

When you really fancy the pants off someone you just met, it is an amazing feeling. But unless you know if the feelings are reciprocated then this is also very frustrating.

You just want to know. So do you fancy me or not? But you just can't ask that! can ask what you want, but that is not a question that will help either of you. Your answers are right there in front of you. People give off unspoken signals constantly and when you are on a date it is like a firework display. But only if you know what to look for! In this first tip we are going to look at attraction through body language eye contact.

The eye contact body language gives the game away.

Lets start with some little known signals. The eyes are a big give-a-way. What you're after is a combination of body language and eye contact. We will come onto more body language secrets later in this series, but for now we will focus on the eyes. Most of us have heard that dilated pupils mean attraction and this is true, but this can be confused by low lighting that can also affect our eyes this way. A sure fire way to notice attraction is to look for glassy eyes. When someone is aroused by another their body creates moisture in the genital region, what you may not know is, this moisture also builds up in the eyes, giving a glassy appearance. If you get this, yes they are very attracted to you.

You next observation will be to watch the movement of the eyes. Watch how their eyes move around your face. Notice how they move when you first meet and check what happens as the date progresses. What you are looking for is a triangular eye movement, that will go from one eye to a body part and back to the other eye. This eye body language will tell you alot about your dates intentions.

Eye body language explained:

Eye to nose to eye - This is a social eye pattern and if this is what you get, then it looks like your just friends. However, still watch to see if this changes into a different pattern as the date progresses.

Eye to mouth to eye -This means there is more attraction as the mouth is a sexual area.

Eye to chest to eye - Definite attraction with a desire to explore.

Eye to genitals to eye - Very full on sexual thoughts. If you are receiving either of these signals, you will now know what is on your dates mind.

This eye contact and body language little known secret really works. It's so nice to see who might be interested in you so I hope you enjoyed this tip body language tip for the eyes. There are many more tips like this when you enter your details in the boxes below. Share this secret with your friends and create a great night out!

About the Author

Article by Steve Hedger Relationship Coach and founder of . Relationship and dating help, advice and tips. I cover body language, sex, affairs, love, soul mates, the art of being single. Plus the best relationship online sites and ebooks all at Come to DatingShoes today and ask Steve a question.

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article : Tips to make your penis more healthy by Rachel Smith

Men usually more conscious for making their penis more healthy. Well healthy means more sex doing it accidentally and sometimes Sex might happen unexpectedly anytime so it will be advantageous for you if your penis is fit and healthy to be ready in any hot action that will happen. You don't need to worry because there are many ways how you can take care of your penis and keep it in good shape. Keeping your body healthy and fit will maintain the blood flowing correctly through the veins and arteries.

Try to do more exercise everyday an eat more healthy foods that would increase you ability to ustain prolonged physical effort and we all know that sex is effort. Junk food brings in a lot of bad cholesterol that clogs your arteries and also a huge amount of excess calories that make you fat. Smoking, frequently drinking large quantities of alcohol, taking recreational drugs and lack of exercising will sap your stamina and also slow down the flow of blood. The ability to achieve and sustain erections depends directly on the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system. It's a good idea to avoid junk food and refrain from the excess consumption of alcohol, drugs or tobacco.

About the Author

Rachel is an internet marketer who loves to write in various topics including sex , health and relationship ,Find out More on Our Best Sex Guide to Impress your Love ones

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article : French Kiss - Why do people love it ? by Rachel Smith

Its shocking to know that many people kiss in different ways , some are more passionate and some are playful kisses. So what type of kisses do you like ? In relationship , many of us cannot live without kissing. The Most popular kiss is the french kiss . Why French kiss because as you have seen in many movies , this is probably the most people used for romantic kiss in young and adult. French Kiss usually long and usually takes the couples to open their lips and play with their tongues.

I'm not sure if the French have actually been the first to kiss like that, but let's say the name is a tribute to the city of lovers, Paris. The two partners can use their tongues to explore each other's mouths. This is actually up to the imagination of the two people involved, since there are far too many ways in which the play of tongues can underscore tenderness and passion.French Kiss usually very romantic and you will feel the romantic ways of french kiss .

Sometimes French Kiss would last for more than 30 minutes before you go into deeper action like sex. French Kiss usually will sow some passion and tenderness. You can feel the feelings is very nice after you have french kissing. Sometimes you can even dream and think about French Kissing.

French Kisss sometimes can be addictive but french kiss must have two person want to do it . One party does not want to french kiss , usually it does not feel the goodness in french kiss.

Discover More Tips on Sex , kiss and love relationship here .

About the Author

Rachel is an internet marketer who loves to write in various topics including sex , health and relationship ,Find out More on Our Best Sex Guide to Impress your Love ones

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article : How Bad Do You Desire A Big Penis? by Temitayo Olatunde

For most men having a big penis is just a wish they believe would never come true. You might be disturbed about the size of your penis if you have a small or an average penis size. Asides from sexual intercourse, a large number of men worry about their penis size most especially in situations that demand the exposure of their genitals like in the gym, public urinal, during sports, at the swimming pool or beach.

We do not need to be told that women prefer bigger penises. We know instinctively that a big penis feels much better to our lovers than a small or average penis size. This truth makes a lot of men feel very insecure and shy about their penis. No wonder there are so many fraudsters prowling the cyberspace ripping so many men of their hard earned money by selling worthless devices and pills to them because of their desperation to increase their penis size. This has actually made some men believe that natural penis enlargement is a scam.

Various penis size surveys have revealed that most men would love to increase their penis size. For most men a big penis is much better than a small or average penis. Also a large number of men feel their penis is small when actually they have an average penis size.

What penis size does these surveys actually reveal is average? Well for erect penis length the average ranges between 5 inches and 6 inches, which as you know is just not big enough. If you are overweight, the fat accumulation around your pubic bone is making your penis shorter than it really is. You should visit the gym more often if you are overweight so you can gain a few more inches to your penis length. Are you wondering how you can get a big penis without having to undergo an expensive and painful surgery operation? Have you heard of natural penis enlargement?

Just imagine increasing your erect penis length by as much as 3 inches and your erect penis girth by as 2 inches! How would you feel if you had a big penis swinging between your thighs as you walk the streets? Can you imagine the delight on your lover’s face when she sees your long and thick penis? Finally you can achieve you dream of having a bigger penis between your thighs. You may ask how?

By a combination of penis exercises and herbal penis enlargement pills you are guaranteed of a thicker and longer penis in a few months. Just don’t go purchasing any herbal penis enlargement pill or penis exercise program. You should be careful in your choice of natural penis enlargement products, there are only a few products being sold on the Internet that can guarantee results. If I could gain 2.5 inches in penis length and 2 inches in penis girth after 5 months of engaging in penis exercises and using a quality herbal penis enlargement pill, then any man that wants a bigger penis can!

For more information on how you can get a big penis using the best herbal penis enlargement pill and penis exercise program on the Internet

About the Author

Temitayo Olatunde is passionate about educating couples both young, middle aged and old on how they can enjoy a great sex life. Visit his blog where he discusses a lot more on how to achieve an explosive sex life!

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article : The Advantages Of Engaging In Penis Exercises by Temitayo Olatunde

If you do a search on penis enlargement on the Internet today, you would discover that the most popular method of increasing one’s penis size is the use of penis exercises. The main idea behind penis enlargement exercises is that by massaging your penis with your hands you force more blood into your penis tissues, which stretch and expand your penis tissues. Engaging in these penis exercises for a period of time would give you a longer and thicker penis.

A basic understand of your penis would enable you to fully understand how penis enlargement exercises work in causing penis growth. Your penis is divided into 3 main chambers. The 2 large chambers located on the top is called the Corpora Cavernosa, while the smaller chamber located at the bottom is known as the Corpus Spongisum. When you achieve an erection, these chambers become filled with blood and expands to it fullest size. The large chambers (Corpora Cavernosa) are the main blood holding chamber of the penis and is responsible for 90% of the size of the erect penis size. While the Corpus Spongisum is the chamber you use for ejaculation and urination.

Since the Corpora Cavernosa is already filled to capacity during an erection, you might wonder how then can you increase your penis size. In comes the "wonder" of penis exercises. These special and dedicated exercises were designed to increase the size of your Corpora Cavernosa, thereby causing penis growth and development. Engaging in penis enlargement exercises for a period of time would improve an increase the size of your Corpora Cavernosa.

You would experience harder and thicker erections as one of the benefits of engaging in penis exercises after a few weeks. This is because of the improved blood circulation around your genitals and the increase in the amount of blood entering into your penis. Also your flaccid penis size increases because your penis tissues, which are stretched and expanded while engaging in penile enlargement exercises, grow to larger sizes as you keep doing these exercises.

If you engage in penis exercises, you can expect at least half an inch in your erect penis length and a quarter of an inch increase in your erect penis girth after 3 â€" 4 weeks. After this period you would have increased and enhanced the function of your "PC muscles". These muscles are used for controlling your ejaculations. And gaining control over these muscles is the first step in improving and increasing your sexual stamina (preventing quick ejaculation).

As you continue engaging in penis enlargement exercises regularly for about 3 â€" 6 months, you would definitely see an increase in the size of your erect penis length by about 2 â€" 3 inches and 1 â€" 2 inches in your erect penis girth. The key to getting these amounts of penis growth is staying focused and "sticking" to your penis exercise routines.

Some of the few advantages of engaging in penis enlargement exercises are included below:

  • Larger head size
  • Improvement in urinary flow
  • Stronger erections
  • Improved sexual stamina
  • Explosive orgasms

One complaint that some men have about penis enlargement exercises is that it takes quite some time for them to reach their desired penis size. You can solve this little problem by combining your penile enlargement exercise program with a quality herbal penis enlargement pill. The herbal penis enlargement pills improve blood flow to the penis, heal worn-out penis tissues and also cause penis growth. The combination of penis exercises and herbal penis enlargement pills is what I used in ensuring that I achieved the maximum gains possible while I was engaging in penile exercises. Definitely If I could Increase my erect penis length by 2 inches and erect penis girth by 1.5 inches then you can!

Like I said engaging penis enlargement exercises works, but to avoid being anxious for results I would advise you combine your penile enlargement exercise program with a quality herbal penis enlargement pill. Always make sure you use only quality penis enlargement products to avoid endangering your health. To find a few of the best penis exercise programs and herbal penis enlargement pills available in the market today visit

About the Author

Temitayo Olatunde is passionate about educating couples both young, middle aged and old on how they can enjoy a great sex life. Visit his blog where he discusses a lot more on how to achieve an explosive sex life!

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article : Help Her Reach Orgasm and Great Sexual Pleasure by Gerry Restrivera

There are reports that most women do not achieve orgasm with their partners. Sometimes women fake their orgasm to avoid hurting their partners. But of course it is unfair for woman not to experience the climax of lovemaking. Sex is an experience that should be enjoyable to you and your partner. To give her pleasure and sexual satisfaction, you should know how to help her reach orgasm.

Giving her a mind blowing orgasm could be a real challenge if you do not know how. But if you are skilled enough to know how to help her reach orgasm, you will be the best lover that she will never forget.

Women need not only physical but also mental stimulation. They do not get aroused by just having a physical connection with you but they also use their imagination and emotion to achieve pleasure during lovemaking. Find out about her sexual fantasies and tickle her imagination to help her reach orgasm. Tell her about her fantasies and let her feel your emotions while caressing her sensitive parts for her to respond with burning desire.

Do not rush her. Women need more foreplay, continue caressing her with your hands, fingers, tongue and lips to help her reach orgasm. Let her feel every inch of your caress and tease her until she is ready. Go down on her slowly and do not rush her. It is very important not to rush her and wait for the right time when she is begging for you to come down on her. Do not worry; you will know when she is ready. She will ask you to get inside her if she is really ready to climax with you.

Women take longer to achieve orgasm than men. You need to be equipped with the right skills to help her reach orgasm and give her pleasure to climax with you. Discover the secret techniques to give her mind blowing orgasms visit Secret Orgasm

For more lovemaking tips visit Great Lovemaking Tips

To know more about love and relationships visit All About Relationships

About the Author

Gerry Restrivera writes informative articles on various subjects including How to Help Her Reach Orgasm and Great Sexual Pleasure. You are allowed to publish this article in its entirety provided that author’s name, bio and website links must remain intact and included with every reproduction.

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article : Climax with Her and Let Her Achieve Great Orgasm by Gerry Restrivera

Sex plays a very important role to keep the relationship and the connection stronger. Men usually climax easily than women but you will achieve sexual satisfaction if you will climax with her and let her achieve great orgasm. Sex should be enjoyable not just for you but also for your woman.

It would be great if you will climax and she will have real orgasm with you at the same time. There are reports that most women fake their orgasm to avoid hurting their partner and worst some do not even experience real orgasm through their life. Your partner does not have to be one of these women who never experience real orgasm if you have the ability to give the pleasure she need to achieve a great orgasm.

You can help her achieve great orgasm and enjoy great sex with her that will strengthen your bonding with each other. There are ways and techniques on how to help a woman achieve great orgasm. Here are some tips for you:

Make her comfortable and at ease with you. A woman need to feel comfortable and at ease with you to decide to go to bed with you. Most women have insecurities with the way they look, their flaws and these feelings have great influence when they are having sex with someone. Make her feel comfortable and let her know that she is adorable and sexy and all you want is her and you want her to achieve great orgasm with you.

Stimulate her mind and body. You have to encouraged her to involve his mind and body into the act of lovemaking. She cannot achieve great orgasm with just physical stimulation. Her mind and imagination should be involved. You probably know that women can masturbate and achieve great orgasm on their own using their hands and imagination. Knowing this, you also need to do the same. Stimulate her physically and engage her imagination to help her climax with you.

Slowly but surely. You need to be patient during foreplay while stimulating her physically and mentally. Women need more time to be ready for orgasm. Be sensitive with her respond for you to know if she enjoy what you are doing and repeat it over and over again. You will eventually know if she is ready for you to go down on her. When she is finally ready for you to come inside her, you can climax with her with ultimate pleasure and let her achieve great orgasm with you.

Lovemaking is a vital part of a relationship and you and your partner must achieve satisfaction during sexual intercourse to keep the relationship stronger. Do you have what it takes to satisfy your woman? Discover the techniques to give any woman earth-shattering orgasms visit Secret Orgasm

For more lovemaking tips visit Great Lovemaking Tips

To know more about love and relationships visit All About Relationships

About the Author

Gerry Restrivera writes informative articles on various subjects including Climax with Her and Let Her Achieve Great Orgasm. You are allowed to publish this article in its entirety provided that author's name, bio and website links must remain intact and included with every reproduction.

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article : 3 Reasons Why Penis Enlargement As An Endurance Test by aiy yusuf

Rome never was build a day...and miracles never happen over night...It takes time and patience to do something good in your life. Penis enlargement is not an exception.

Many men take the penis enlargement program without a very good idea of what is necessary in terms of persistence and personal effort and then leave when they realize that the gains come at fixed rate of the body, and not that they would like to see. This is usually the point where many leave the program penis enlargement.

That is why penis enlargement can be considered as an endurance test for any man. There are three basic points you should to know when you decide to use this program:

  • Few Interruptions
  • The basic idea is to stick to the program, with as few interruptions as possible, until you are satisfied with the results. It does not matter if you use the penis enlargement exercises or a traction device, because the persistence and determination is needed in both cases only go through the motions every time. It is true, however, that men who choose traction devices have an easier time on the program because all they have to do is strap on the device and let it do its job.

  • Efforts and Patience
  • The penis enlargement can get tedious over time and it's done. How long can you make a routine before starting to get bored? Even the fact that you are doing for your own good not too in the long term. It is up to you to find ways to motivate you in the long run because you know better what makes you tick. Again, users of traction devices are likely to do better, because they can do anything carrying the camera: watching television or doing work. The men who went for years may try to stay motivated by frequent changes in the supply of pornographic magazines used to achieve an erection during training sessions.

  • Focus and Motivations
  • But endurance tests are intended to be won. The most important thing is to stay focused and motivated, even if the whole thing takes weeks or months to do so. Even if the road seems long and the gains do not seem to come as soon as you want, there is no reason to despair and quit the program, because you will achieve your goals in the end.

    It might take you a week or two beyond what you thought, but not much in the end. The objective always made the effort worthwhile, it is better to simply focus on all the good things you can do once the program is completed.

    About the Author

    aiy yusuf, from Indonesia. His articles mainly for SizeGenetics and for Penis Enlargement Product that really works

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    article : Know the Best Kama Sutra Positions - Make Your Lover Begs You For More by Bryan Burbank

    In Kama Sutra there are many sexual positions that will keep your partner begging for more. Everybody know the basics of lovemaking and one of the greatest things is to have both partners reach a orgasmic climax but sometimes it can get boring and reaching that climax can be more difficult. It is good to know about some proven techniques that will help you get to a mind blowing orgasm.

    Learn How To: Get Top Lovemaking Tips

    To allow for deep penetration you can use the hopscotch position this is were the woman will lie flat on her back and then you penetrate her, it works best if you place her feet on your chest. This is a great position because you can control the thrust and deepness of the penetration.

    Learn How To: Have a Mind Blowing Orgasm

    Another great position is the clip position because you get flat on your back and she gets on top. This is great because she controls her hip motion and this will allow for a grinding motion which will make her reach a climax faster. Remember when she is doing this motion to pace yourself because guys tend to explode in this position a little early.

    The advanced doggy position is great because it allows for the deepest penetration possible. You get in the regular doggy position but the twist is that the man gets on his feet rather than his knees. This allows him to be elevated and it allows for him to get very deep, the great advantage is the womans G Spot area will get very stimulated with this position.

    It is always best to be armed with the best material available so that you know what the greatest Love Making Positions are.

    About the Author

    Bryan Burbank is an Expert in Kama Sutra for more information go to:

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    article : What Are Different Forms of Penis Enlargement Methods? by Rachel Smith

    Did you know that There are only a few methods for penis enlargement. Some of them are dangerous, some of them are not effective and some are not effective . So Here are some tips that you can check on different types of penis enlargement methods :

    1. Vacuum Pumps : Not effective as they only use sealing the penis in an airtight tube and then removing the surrounding air. The problems is once the negative pressure pulls the blood into the penis and inflates it . Once you remove it , the penis wants to revert back to its normal size. You can staunch the outflow of blood and lymphatic fluid by fitting a constriction ring around the base of your penis. This generally allows the penis to maintain its expanded girth for a few minutes, sufficient for insertion and at least one change of position before you have to pump it up again.

    2.Pills, Patches, Lotions, Oils, Creams �" Not Effective as what they promote because many are contain vitamins, minerals, herbs or hormones such as testosterone that claim to enlarge the penis. None of these products has been shown to be effective. Worst case scenario: you can suffer from an allergic reaction to vitamins or you can overdose. In both cases, call the nearest Poison Control Center, show them the bottle and be very specific on the amount of substance you have ingested or rubbed into your skin.

    3. Surgery �" Works but very highly cost and risky and if you’ll ever go to a medical doctor for advice, surgery is the first and the last thing you’ll hear about. Some surgeons have developed several different enlargement techniques, none of them endorsed by medical organizations. The American Urological Association, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery and the American Society of Plastic Surgeons(ASPS) have all issued policy statements against cosmetic surgical procedures to enhance the penis.

    4.Penis Exercises �" They are effective in some ways but it usually will take quite some time to show results! Penis exercises are a very inexpensive, safe and effective way to enlarge your penis. It is very possible that this method has been used for hundreds or thousand of years for penis enlargement, but no real research has been attempted to shed light on this subject.

    Penis exercises work brilliantly and they come with the added bonus of giving you a lot more than a longer, thicker penis: you will also get to understand your body and its reactions better, which will greatly enhance your sex life.

    5. Penis Devices and Jelqing Devices �" They are a way of taking the guess work out of penis exercises! They are a lot more expensive than just an exercise program membership, but they do have better results.Traction devices and jelqing devices are the deluxe version of penis exercises. By applying the same controlled force and pressure each time you exercises, you will get faster results. If you know you need to see something happening to motivate you to continue, than this is what you need.

    If you were wondering about penis enlargement, what works and what’s the best way to go about it, now you know and you can make your choice easier!Discover The Truth and Learn More about Penisenlargement Information Here!

    About the Author

    Rachel writes in various topics including men health and relationship matters , Discover The Truth and Learn More about Penisenlargement Information Here!

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    article : Why It Is Vital To Create Appetizers For Your Family? by Muna Wa Wanjiru

    When people talk of appetizers, they usually relate them to parties and other social events. Appetizers are definitely used for such occasions but they could also be used every day. Everyone has had to search for a sweet taste and something that always flatters them. In our daily lives we sometimes get bored by looking at the same mundane food even if the food is good. Therefore, there was need to come up with something to kick start our appetite and make us look forward for the next dish on the menu. Something little sweet and delicious will make one pant and however horrible the food after is, our minds are set to enjoy. This last statement may be controversial but, the idea is, a little taste of something great will send a mental signal that one needs to fill his or her stomach regardless of which taste.

    It is therefore very vital to create the best appetizers to feed everybody's taste. Women and men are known for their love of soup, sometimes taking it too far. Making an appetizer that has a refreshing base will get everyone in the mood for. People constantly search for recipes for their next impressive milestones in the culinary prowess of making appetizers but, a top chef has suggested that if a cook knows his way around tastes it is all in the experimentation. Most likely, by doing so one is bound to create unique appetizers. The idea of an appetizer is to please not just a handful of people but as many people as one can.

    Ideas for appetizers are as many as one can imagine but, most popular foods used to make appetizers include cheese, bacon, avocado, tuna, artichokes... the list is endless. One thing that works really well is a dash of lemon juice added to the appetizer. Lemon or orange zest also works really well, creating a fresh feel for taste and some room for more. Something very crispy and not so mouthy is a worthy try. People sometimes use a fruit to start their feeding routine. This is not unusual and fruits do not only belong to the pudding table but also on the appetizer plate. A good example is an avocado-based appetizer. So as not to confuse your guests or family, a fruit should only serve the purposes of complimenting an appetizer.

    It is wise to have some knowledge about appetizers not only for your guests but also for your family. It has been shown that some of the great hosts have families that feed poorly due to lack of appetite. It is key to consider first, impressing your family and creating for them healthy feeding habits rather than impressing the world, which is quite impossible to do. It only takes a well equipped mind, a broad imagination and some time to create an appetizer that will have people asking for more. One of the greatest and rewarding experience is creating something that will enhance the mood of the people and in turn contribute to their overall better health.

    About the Author

    Muna Wa Wanjiru Has Been Researching and Reporting on Appetizers for Years. For More Information on appetizer ideas, Visit His Site at APPETIZER IDEAS Post Your Views On appetizer ideas At My Blog here Appetizer Ideas

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    article : Get to Know The Best Sexual Positions - Learn The Mistakes Most Guys Make by Bryan Burbank

    The Best Sexual Positions are not usually found in a porn movie. The Mistake that most guys make is that they will watch a movie and then they think that they have learned all the moves to make there partner go wild in bed. It is important to understand that the adult movies that you watch are usually a lot of scenes spliced together to give you the affect that the people on the screen are making love for hours at a time when in fact they are not.

    Learn How To: Get Top Lovemaking Tips

    The are some mistakes that guys make and we are going to go through some of them. When making love guys will tend to try hard to not put any weight on there partner and the truth is that women like the pressure they fell from there man and it is a good way to stimulate her to a climax. You don't want to over bear her but make sure you get a good amount of pressure on her vaginal area.

    Learn How To: Have a Mind Blowing Orgasm

    Some guys also get the notion that the more difficult the position that the better is is. This is in most cases not true because getting into an unnatural position usually will add extra strain on both partners. It is better to use the standard positions and then enhance them slightly for added pleasure.

    When trying to please your partner it is always best to be armed with the information and the secrets you need to be a great lover. Also don't be afraid to use a book or manual when looking for something new to add to your love life.

    About the Author

    Bryan Burbank is an Expert in Kama Sutra for more information go to:

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    Tuesday, May 13, 2008

    article : Neurology

    Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle.[1] Physicians who specialize in neurology are called neurologists, and are trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat, neurological disorders. Pediatric neurologists treat neurological disease in children. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, clinical trials, as well as basic research and translational research. In the United Kingdom, contributions to the field of Neurology stem from various professions; saliently, several biomedical research scientists are choosing to specialize in the technical/laboratory aspects of one of neurology's subdisciplines.

    Field of work

    Neurological disorders are disorders that can affect the feet central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), the peripheral nervous system, or the autonomic nervous system.

    Major conditions include:

    Educational requirements

    A neurologist's educational background and medical training varies with the country of training. In the United States and Canada, neurologists are physicians who have completed postgraduate training in neurology after graduation from medical school.

    Neurologists complete a minimum of 10 years of postsecondary education and clinical training. In the majority of cases this training includes obtaining an undergraduate degree (a few medical schools will admit students with as little as two years of undergraduate education), a medical degree (4 years), and then completing a four-year residency in neurology. The four-year residency consists of one year of internal medicine training followed by three years of training in neurology.

    Many neurologists also have additional subspecialty training (fellowships) after completing their residency in one area of neurology such as stroke, epilepsy, neuromuscular, sleep medicine, pain management, neuroimmunology, clinical neurophysiology, or movement disorders.

    Testing examinations

    During a neurological examination, the neurologist reviews the patient's health history with special attention to the current condition. The patient then takes a neurological exam. Typically, the exam tests mental status, function of the cranial nerves (including vision), strength, coordination, reflexes and sensation. This information helps the neurologist determine if the problem exists in the nervous system and the clinical localization. Localization of the pathology is the key process by which neurologists develop their differential diagnosis. Further tests may be needed to confirm a diagnosis and ultimately guide therapy and appropriate management. To become a neurologist it will take a total of about 8 to 10 years of school

    Clinical tasks

    General caseload

    Neurologists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of all the above conditions. When surgical intervention is required, the neurologist may refer the patient to a neurosurgeon, an interventional neuroradiologist, or a neurointerventionalist. In some countries, additional legal responsibilities of a neurologist may include making a finding of brain death when it is suspected that a patient is deceased. Neurologists frequently care for people with hereditary (genetic) diseases when the major manifestations are neurological, as is frequently the case. Lumbar punctures are frequently performed by neurologists. Some neurologists may develop an interest in particular subfields, such as dementia, movement disorders, headaches, epilepsy, sleep disorders, chronic pain management, multiple sclerosis or neuromuscular diseases.

    Overlapping areas

    There is some overlap with other specialties, varying from country to country and even within a local geographic area. Acute head trauma is most often treated by neurosurgeons, whereas sequela of head trauma may be treated by neurologists or specialists in rehabilitation medicine. Although stroke cases have been traditionally managed by internal medicine or hospitalists, the emergence of vascular neurology and endovascular neurosurgery as disciplines has created a demand for stroke specialists. The establishment of JCAHO stroke centers has increased the role of neurologists in stroke care in many primary as well as tertiary hospitals. Some cases of nervous system infectious diseases are treated by infectious disease specialists. Most cases of headache are diagnosed and treated primarily by general practitioners, at least the less severe cases. Similarly, most cases of sciatica and other mechanical radiculopathies are treated by general practitioners, though they may be referred to neurologists or a surgeon (neurosurgeons or orthopedic surgeons). Sleep disorders are also treated by pulmonologists. Cerebral palsy is initially treated by pediatricians, but care may be transferred to an adult neurologist after the patient reaches a certain age.

    Clinical neuropsychologists are often called upon to evaluate brain-behavior relationships for the purpose of assisting with differential diagnosis, planning rehabilitation strategies, documenting cognitive strengths and weaknesses, and measuring change over time (e.g., for identifying abnormal aging or tracking the progression of a dementia).

    Relationship to clinical neurophysiology

    In some countries, e.g. USA and Germany, neurologists may specialize in clinical neurophysiology, the field responsible for EEG, nerve conduction studies, EMG and evoked potentials. In other countries, this is an autonomous specialty (e.g. United Kingdom, Sweden).

    Overlap with psychiatry

    Further information: Psychoneuroimmunology and Neuropsychiatry

    Although many mental illnesses are believed to be neurological disorders affecting the central nervous system, traditionally they are classified separately, and treated by psychiatrists. In a 2002 review article in the American Journal of Psychiatry, Professor Joseph B. Martin, Dean of Harvard Medical School and a neurologist by training, wrote that 'the separation of the two categories is arbitrary, often influenced by beliefs rather than proven scientific observations. And the fact that the brain and mind are one makes the separation artificial anyway.' (Martin JB. The integration of neurology, psychiatry and neuroscience in the 21st century. Am J Psychiatry 2002; 159:695-704)

    There are strong indications that neuro-chemical mechanisms play an important role in the development of, for instance, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. As well, 'neurological' diseases often have 'psychiatric' manifestations, such as post-stroke depression, depression and dementia associated with Parkinson's disease, mood and cognitive dysfunctions in Alzheimer's disease, to name a few. Hence, there is no sharp distinction between neurology and psychiatry on a biological basis – this distinction has mainly practical reasons and strong historical roots (such as the dominance of Freud's psychoanalytic theory in psychiatric thinking in the first three quarters of the 20th century – which has since then been largely replaced by the focus on neurosciences – aided by the tremendous advances in genetics and neuroimaging recently.)

    In Germany, a compulsory year of Psychiatry must be done to complete a residency of Neurology.


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